Sagunto is not only one of the densest populations of Spanish history but also constitutes a first order Monumental site, where the architectonic and artistic manifestations reflect its importance throughout the ages and artistic styles.
Settlements are known from the Bronze Age and then it vas an important Iberian city which established fertile commercial relations with Phoenicians and Greeks. From of that time came the first signs of the fortress in the hill of Sagunto.
Sagunto was conquered by the Carthaginians, which led to the Second Punic War after which it went into Rome domain. The ancient Iberian Arse was renamed Saguntum. In Roman times, Sagunto became extremely prosperous.
With the Muslim invasion, Sagunto regains its splendour which had been lost in the vicissitudes of the Spanish Middle Ages. Now it is called Morbiter.
Sagunto was one of the cities conquered by El Cid Campeador in his travel to Valencia in 1098, but this occupation was ephemeral as, after his death, Sagunto came back into the hands of the Almoravids. In1238 it will end under the Roman domain when conquered by Jaume I the Conqueror.
This medieval period is characterized by the coexistence of Jews, Moors and Christians and by the building of many religious buildings.
Now we can understand that, in this city, the accumulation of archaeological and artistic remains is widely rich. It is remarkable the Castle, the RomanTheatre and the medieval churches of El Salvador and Santa Maria.
SaguntoCastle is a fortress located on the top of the hill that protects the city of Sagunto, en the province of Valencia, Spain. It was declared National Monument in 1931.
The presence of the castle is as old as the origin of the city, and the Iberians established their first settlement there (Arse).
Traditionally we talk about the Roman Castle, making a reference to the civilization which has marked this monument the most, and where Saguntum was. However, in the castle there are few remains of this roman origin and it is a mosaic of cultures and civilizations (Iberians, Romans, Goths and Arabs).
The fortress was used by the French troops during the Independence War at the beginning of the XIX century.
It is divided into seven squares or independent enclosures: Almenara Square, Weapons Square, Conejera Square, Ciudadela Square, Dos de Mayo Square, San Fernando Square and Estudiantes.
Inside the walls, which are about one kilometre long through the hill, you can see a part of the most complete and important epigraphic collection in Spain. The inscriptions collect the most important aspects of the Saguntine society in different times.
Very close to the North part of the walls there is the RomanTheatre.
Together with the castle, the RomanTheatre is the symbol of the city of Sagunto.
It is carved into the rock of the hill slope that connects the castle with the plain. It was built in the first century a.C.
It was declared National Monument in 1896 and in the XX century there was a controversial restoration which now allows its use as a theatre, as in the summer festival “Sagunt a escena”.